The district is divided into 12 sub-districts (khwaeng).
1. Phra Borom Maha Ratchawang พระบรมมหาราชวัง
2. Wang Burapha Phirom วังบูรพาภิรมย์
3. Wat Ratchabophit วัดราชบพิธ
4. Samran Rat สำราญราษฎร์
5. San Chaopho Suea ศาลเจ้าพ่อเสือ
6. Sao Chingcha เสาชิงช้า
7. Bowon Niwet บวรนิเวศ
8. Talat Yot ตลาดยอด
9. Chana Songkhram ชนะสงคราม
10. Ban Phan Thom บ้านพานถม
11. Bang Khun Phrom บางขุนพรหม
12. Wat Sam Phraya วัดสามพระยา
It is the central district of Bangkok, including Rattanakosin Island. Neighboring districts are, from the north, clockwise: Dusit, Pom Prap Sattru Phai, Samphanthawong, and across the Chao Phraya River, Thonburi, Bangkok Yai, Bangkok Noi, and Bang Phlat.
Phra Nakhon was also the name of Bangkok Province, until it was merged in 1972 with Thonburi to form the present day Bangkok metropolis.
The district is bounded by the Chao Phraya River to the west, Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem in the north, and Ratchadamnoen Road and Khlong Ong Ang to the east. The center of Bangkok, marked by the city pillar shrine (lak mueang), is in the district. Also surrounding the large open space of the Sanam Luang are the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew (from BL31 Sanam Chai 1.5 km), the National Museum (from BL31 Sanam Chai 180 m) in the former palace of the Vice King, and the main campus of Thammasat University as well as Silpakorn University.
Of the original 14 forts protecting Bangkok only two survive. Fort Phra Sumen in the northern corner of the district, and Fort Mahakan in the east. Since 2000 a small park named Santichaiphrakarn around Fort Phra Sumen was built.
In 2005 the riverfront of the Phra Nakhon District, from King Rama I Bridge (Memorial Bridge) in the south to the Wasukri Pier (Dusit District), was submitted to the UNESCO for consideration as a future world heritage site.
Another landmark is Sala Chalermkrung Royal Theatre on Charoen Krung Road. It is Bangkok's oldest cinema and was the first air conditioned theater in Thailand. Built at the order of King Prajadhipok and named by him, it opened on 2 July 1933. It is the only theater from the first "golden age" of Thai cinema still standing. No longer regularly showing movies, the theater has been renovated and is principally used for Thai dance performances. Another point of interest is the Pak Khlong Talat flower market(from BL31 Sanam Chai 280 m). Tha Phrachan pier is a well-known Thai amulets market.
The area around Phahurat Road (พาหุรัด) can be considered Thailand's "Little India". The road was constructed during King Chulalongkorn's reign over a century ago and Indian community started to form after that. Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Thailand's first Sikh temple was built in 1933 near the road. The area is well known for Indian fabric shops and Indian cuisine.
Rommaninat Park, Rommaninat Park or spelt Romaneenart Park, commonly known as Khuk Kao is a public park in Bangkok. Located on Siriphong Road, Samran Rat Subdistrict, Phra Nakhon District between Giant Swing, Wat Suthat and Sala Chalermkrung Royal Theatre. The total area is about 29 rai.
BL30 Sam Yot
- Wangburapa Cafe (บูรพา คาเฟ่)
- Gallery Drip Coffee Cafe
- Ha Tien Cafe' Bangkok (ฮาเตียน คาเฟ่ )
- Kao Moo Dang Nai Hui Resturant(ข้าวหมูแดงนายฮุยนาครสนุก)
- Daeng Phochana Resturant(แดงโภชนา วังบูรพา-สะพานเหล็ก)
- Sai Sa-at Noodle (ใสสะอาดก๋วยเตี๋ยวลูกชิ้นน้ำใส)
- On Lok Yun Resturant (ออน ล็อค หยุ่น)
- Kanom Khai Na Wang (ขนมไข่หน้าวังบูรพา)
- Khun Aeaw Rice and Curry Resturant(ข้าวแกงไฮโซคุณแอ๋ว)
Giant Swing (from BL30 Sam Yot 700 m)
- Ta Chai Sukhothai Noodles (ตาชัยก๋วยเตี๋ยวสุโขทัย)
- Krua Apsorn Resturant (ครัวอัปษร)
- Nai Uan Yen Ta Fo Resturant(นายอ้วนเย็นตาโฟบะเต็ง)
- Mit Ko Yuan Resturant(มิตรโกหย่วน)
- Mont Nomsod Cafe (มนต์นมสด)
BL31 Sanam Chai
Blue Whale Cafe
- Supanniga Eating Room Resturant(ห้องทานข้าวสุพรรณิการ์)
- Eat Sight Story
- Waterfront House (โป๊ะท่าเตียน )
- Manee Thai Food